All of us love and yearn for that smooth and spotless complexion that has an even tone while constantly fearing we shall end up with one that resembles a Dalmatian. However, despite all the care taken to regularly clean the face, some of us have dark spots or suffer from hyper-pigmentation. These are discolored skin found in some places on the face and are present even after the pimples have long gone. Both external and internal factors cause this syndrome. Internal factors include disease like Edison’s disease, intake of excess iron in the diet, hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause or even the deficiency of certain minerals and vitamins like calcium or Vitamin A, B or E. Any one of these factors can cause dark spots in a person.
External factors largely include over exposure to the sun, after which the skin gets reddened and starts developing dark spots. This is prevalent among South Asians and Latinos, where their skin is already on the darker side and over exposure leads to spots.
It is pertinent to note that such spots can be easily cured at home but having said that it is important to add that consulting a dermatologist before taking any action is definitely advisable. This is largely to ensure that these dark spots are routine and there is no other reason for it.
There are several simple ways to cure dark spots, one of which is applying creams and sun blocks that cure the simplest of dark spots. For a more severe one, peeling of skin may be required. Here are some simple tips on how to reduce hyper-pigmentation.