Saturday, August 20, 2011

How to Avoid Dark Spots on the Skin

One of the number one things that makes a person look older is the appearance of Dark Spots and hyper pigmentation on the skin. Light smooth skin projects a sense of radiance and youth. For this reason many are turning to skin bleaching creams to try to get that youthful glow. Before you consider skin lightening, it is important to understand what to do to avoid these dark spots and hyper pigmentation.

1. Avoid or Limit Sun Exposure

The Sun Ultra Violet rays are what is responsible for the over production of melanin in the skin. This is how we get a tan when exposed to the sun. They also produce the hyerpigmentation and dark spots on the sun. Using a sun block high in SPF is the best way to limit this from happening.

2. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water will assure that your skin will maintain its moisture. This moisture will give your skin a healthy glow and help minimize the appearance of dark spots and wrinkles. Be sure to drink at least 8 glasses of water every day and you will notice the difference almost immediately.

3. Proper Nutrition

It is a proven fact that what we consume has a direct effect on how our skin looks. By eating foods rich in vitamins, minerals, fibers, amino-acids and carbohydrates not only will you keep your body healthy, but you will also have youthful glowing skin.

4. Visit you Doctor on a regular Basis

The skin can be a window to the inner you. If something goes wrong inside it will be seen on the outside. Some brown spots or hyper pigmentation are caused by internal problems, such as hormonal imbalances. If you notice a sudden change on your skin, you should address it with your doctor to be sure it isn’t a sign of something more serious.

The things listed above can help keep brown spots and hyper pigmentation at bay. If you do find that you still have some skin issues you should consider a natural approach to skin lightening. There are many natural ingredients that can be effective without the dangerous side effects that many skin bleaching creams can cause.

Thursday, August 18, 2011

How to Prevent Pigmentation for Glowing Skin

Suffer from an uneven skin tone? Suddenly discovered patches on your skin? Don’t worry, you aren’t the only one. Pigmentation affects people of all races and ages. Cosmetic dermatologist Dr Sadhana Deshmukh says that the skin is the largest organ of the body and is made up of two layers – the upper epidermis and the lower dermis.

“The epidermis and the dermis are further divided into other layers. The lower most layer of the epidermis is known as the basal layer and contains organelles called melanosomes. These melanosomes contain cells called melanocytes, which produce a pigment called melanin. The colour of skin depends mainly on this melanin and the amount of melanin present in the other layers of the epidermis,” says Dr Deshmukh.

What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation can be of two types – Hypopigmentation and Hyperpigmentation. Hypopigmentation (decrease in skin pigmentation) is a condition in which patches of skin become lighter or whiter in colour than the normal surrounding skin.

Hyperpigmentation is a common and usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in colour than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin.


Pigmentation can be caused due to genetics, sun exposure, stress, fluctuating hormones caused by pregnancy and or by birth control pills, menopause, insulin resistance, damage to the skin due to injury or overly aggressive skin care treatment or frequent use of hair dyes.

Dermatologist and cosmetologist Dr Kalpana Sarangi says that while pigmentation is common, it can often be an embarrassing condition. “Many of us accept brown patches of pigmentation as part of growing older. However, youngsters are easily affected in a negative way when they suffer from imperfect skin. Affecting more women than men, overexposure to sun rays and a daily onslaught of environmental elements such as air pollution and the toxins in our food, all wreak havoc on our skin, damaging cell walls and connective tissue, making skin appear
dull and lacklustre. Pigmentation becomes prevalent then,” says Dr Sarangi.

According to Cosmetic, plastic and laser surgeon Dr Lakshyajit D Dhami, people living in tropical climates with harsh sun exposure on a daily basis will have more melanin in their skin. “Medically this defends our skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays. People less exposed to sunlight will have less melanin and resultant fairer skin colour. Tanning, which occurs due to overexposure to the sun, is the body’s defense mechanism to prevent any skin burn or cancerous changes in the skin,” he says.


Hyperpigmentation may either be due to increased melanin deposition in the epidermis or dermis.

Melasma: Melasma is uneven production of pigmentation on the face, which presents as dark brown/ black skin patches. Sun exposure is the primary cause while additional factors may include certain medications or health issues, hormonal imbalances caused by pregnancy/ menopause or use of oral contraceptives.

Peri-orbital melanosis: Also known as dark circles, this may be hereditary or caused due to stress or eye strain.

Freckles: Freckles are most visible on people who have a light complexion. Having freckles is genetic but sun damage can cause excessive and uneven freckles.

Photo-melanosis: This is increased pigmentation due to sun exposure on exposed skin, commonly on the face, neck. back and arms. The pigmentation may be patchy or diffused. Sun burn: A condition commonly encountered in fair skinned people due to excessive sun exposure.

Prevention and cure

One of the best ways to avoid pigmentation is to fastidiously apply a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30+, which will block both UVA and UVB light. The sunscreen needs to be applied every three to four hours if you’re outdoors.

Topical creams containing hydroxy quinone, tretinoin, topical steroids, alpha hydroxy acid creams, azelic acid or kojic acid should be used at nightime together with sunblock during the day. Oral use of antioxidants also help in reducing pigmentation.

If creams do not work, chemical peels, microdermabrasion or fractional lasers are further treatment options. These procedures require multiple sessions at intervals of one to four weeks.

Home remedies

Peel an avocado, mash it up and apply the juice on pigmented skin.
Massage cocoa butter on affected skin twice a day for about two to three weeks.
Mix a few drops of lime juice with honey and leave it on for 10 minutes.
Applying the juice of raw potatoes is another simple remedy to treat pigmentation.

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

Age Spot Removal – 4 Useful Methods

Age spots are one with the locations and therefore are “close” freckles and moles. They are created by elevated nearby deposition of lipofuscin in the upper layer with the skin that causes the acquainted brown color worrying.

The changes occur mainly in components of the body that are particularly exposed to sunlight.

There are many techniques to eliminate age spots these cosmetically undesirable. The procedure can be divided in to the classes of mechanical, chemical and physical.

Method 1: Make-up like the easiest solution

The simplest method is to cover the age spots with makeup. This camouflage by itself is also utilized in many other cases of skin discoloration. To achieve optimum adaptation to the color with the skin surrounding a professional should be consulted. And the effect lasts only till the subsequent full wash understandable.

Method 2: Remove the top layer of skin

Methods consist of mechanical dermabrasion. Right here, the upper layer of the skin is abraded. During the cold treatment (Kryopeeling) and acid peel fruit, the skin is covered with ice or corrosive. It types crusts, under the brand new, unblemished skin is formed. In some cases it may result in inflammation or infection treated sites.

Method 3: Bleach in opposition to age spots

Amongst the various chemical processes, bleaching agents should be counted. They’re particularly appropriate for large parcels, because they impact the touch, the surrounding skin and for small spots so he could arrive in the surrounding areas of skin bleaching in adverse reactions. The results with a strong bleach cream composition for the peeling of the epidermis. The incompatibilities are feasible, in part, the means by prescription and utilized beneath health-related supervision.

Method 4: Remove age spots with a red light

Laser therapy is one physical method. Using the light within the red or infrared, the pigment cells are destroyed selectively. The own mechanisms of the physique break down after a brief time period, the pigment cells. That in by itself is extremely gentle treatment must be carried out within the sun’s poor season.

Tip: The best technique is always prevention: Watch out for UV rays, alcohol and nicotine!

Sunday, August 14, 2011

The Secrets Behind a Beautiful Face

We use plenty of different criteria to evaluate whether someone is beautiful or not, and those same criteria can work for or against us when others are determining whether they see us as beautiful. The first reason people perceive someone as beautiful is obviously natural beauty. Natural beauty cannot entirely be replicated by good management or plastic surgery. Many actresses and models have pretty faces, but they often spoil them with the use of intensive man-made cosmetic products that often work against their main purpose and even seem to destroy these women’s features.

Sometimes, these effects are not immediately obvious, and for most of us a small amount of makeup is an asset. Most of us only put on makeup on special occasions once or twice a week, or maybe a month, and this does not damage our skin as extensively as compared to those who put it on almost every other night.

If you look at an actress or model without her daily dose of cosmetic products, you would barely recognize her. This is because man-made cosmetic products contain lots of chemicals and substances that,even though they provide temporary beauty, in the long term tend to destroy the freshness and health of your skin. So, how can you wear makeup in healthy ways?

First, limit yourself to wearing makeup only “sometimes.” If you must absolutely apply make up to your face, do not do it so often. Take a break every so often; anything done to excess can be damaging for your self esteem, and makeup is no exception. If you need to apply skin care products, try to use products made from herbal solutions that are proven to be mild and beneficial. Because herbal products contain natural ingredients, they often pose fewer risks of creating side effects that might be damaging for your skin.

Second, in order to bring about true beauty on your face, you must also wash it every day in the morning and evening, and more often if you tend to sweat or are under a lot of stress. If you are at work, and feel that you are tired of sitting before the monitor for such long hours, just get up and go wash your face thoroughly with a mild facial soap. Before eating, when you go to wash your hands, wash your face, too. Just make sure that you provide ample cleansing to your face and compensate for the washing by applying moisturizer (or a moisturizing sunscreen) once or twice a day.

More cleansing plus more moisturizing is better than under-cleansing because frequent washing is important to remove dirt, dead skin, and toxins that damage skin’s healthy glow. Be especially careful to moisturize before sleep every night to ensure soft skin and a more attractive look in the morning.

Third, a walk every morning and evening can have dramatic and surprising improvements for the skin. Because so many skin problems result from stress, mentally refreshing yourself in the morning can benefit your skin indirectly. Even more importantly, because your skin literally “breathes” by taking in oxygen throughout the day. A morning walk will also help begin the day right for your skin by allowing it to take in pollution free air and get a few minutes of healthy sun exposure before the workday.

Fourth, your diet should also be well balanced, as an improper diet is an extremely common factor in common skin problems. Your skin needs to be nourished internally by a healthy diet as well as externally by nutrient-rich creams, and eating too much junk food can cause problems like spots and skin discoloration.

The Secrets Behind a Beautiful Face