Sunday, September 8, 2013

Dark pigmentation spots

Dark spots pigmentation is a common cosmetic case appear on your skin than normal skin color dark patches or spots. These areas discoloration, often called age spots, liver spots or pigmentation, usually harmless, can affect people of different races and colors. In most cases, the spots can be treated, although sometimes difficult.
Description skin contains a brown pigment called melanin. Hyperpigmentation dark spots, excess melanin deposits formed on the skin. These deposits appear on the surface of the skin as dark blemishes or patches.
reason spots for many reasons, but the most common is due to age and long-term sun exposure. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic skin, when your skin is exposed to sunlight, your body starts to produce extra melanin to prevent damage to the sun's ultraviolet rays. Overproduction of melanin in the form of sunburn, or have dark spots pigmentation areas. Dark spots may also be due to hormonal changes. Pregnant or taking certain medications, such as birth control pills or acne medications, can trigger overproduction of melanin. In these cases, in the dark areas is more likely to occur as a large ratio of spots or patches.
Appearance and location dark spots usually appear as flat, rounded, margin irregular brown marks. They can be as small as a dime or a large tip. They often appear on the skin receives frequent sun exposure, especially in the face, hands, forearms, shoulders and upper back areas.
treatment you can mitigate and reduce dark spots, the use of non-prescription or prescription creams containing hydroquinone, a type of bleach. Your doctor may prescribe containing tretinoin and cortisone cream. Laser treatment is also very effective in reducing or fade dark spots pigmentation, the laser can be deleted without prejudice to the surrounding skin color pigments. However, you should note that no treatment is permanent. If you keep your skin exposed to the sun, spots may reappear.
Prevention / Solution protect your skin from the sun is the key to prevent dark spots. American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor before going out for 30 minutes, cover exposed skin and clothes, as well as a wide-brimmed hat over your face. If you believe your spots is due to drugs such as birth control pills or acne medication, talk to your doctor about possible alternative prescriptions.

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